Chemicals coming from the exhaust of your vehicle in the form of white smoke can be because of multiple reasons. But keep in mind, the usual white smoke coming from the truck silencer is not always the smoke. It can be the derivative of water gasses resulting in the steam by the heating of the engine. Here we are going to discuss all the potential reasons that cause a truck to exhale white smoke.
Why does my truck have white smoke? A cracked cylinder head can result in the leakage of coolant and finally resulting in the formation of white smokes. It can also happen for improper diesel boosting and poor fuel injection. Leakage problems within the valves and gasket head issues can also cause white smoke. Sometimes drip in the external coolant also produces white fumes within the exhaust.
Why Does My Truck Have White Smoke?
White smoke coming from the silencer is the sign that their kind of contamination occurred there. That means instead of scorching fuel and air, the apparatus is burning something different.
For a detailed investigation, you must check the way how the engine is running. Plenty of reasons have been explained here for the white smoke.
Cracked Cylinder Head
The main reason behind every cause is the leakage of the mixture and the same goes for the cylinder head. From a cracked cylinder-head, coolant can drop out of the combustion chamber. And when this coolant mixture blends with the fuel it causes white smoke.
The other reason associated with the cylinder-head is leakage. When leakage happens that means the coolant is not working properly. So, if coolant is not working then obviously engine is going more towards overheating.
Somehow overheating is also linked with the white gases as it evaporates water vapors. If the facility of mechanic is not available, then at first you must check both oil and coolant pipes before any other checkup.
Faulty Fuel Injector
The main purpose of the injector is to justify between the oxygen and fuel to burn the exact ratio. If it is not working properly that means consumption of fuel is not within the proportion.
There are both possibilities may be the mixture is receiving more amount or the amount is not enough to meet the consumption.
Nowadays, highly rectified technologies are ensuring that these problems wouldn’t happen throughout the car’s life. As the correct amount of fuel is not burning, so it changes the color of the smoke i.e., sometimes white, and sometimes green.
Low Diesel Boosting Within the Pump
Due to the faulty injector, the mixture doesn’t mix up in the correct amount, which leads to the problem of false diesel injection pump timing. This rough timing causes the fuel to go unburned. This unburned fuel produces white smoke after passing through the engine.
It all happens due to a change in the timing of the injection of diesel into the engine. And when injection doesn’t occur at right time, so the boosting of the diesel doesn’t happen fully.
Leakage Within the Seals and Valves
As we have discussed above, leakage is the main reason behind white smoke happening. The engine consists of multiple valves and seals. The main function of these is to control the flow when it is needed. If any of the valves got leaked, oil seeping through that can cause a problem.
We all know how much heat is involved with the engine parts. So, when this leaked oil gets in contact with the heated engine parts it produces blue smoke. And when we see that blue smoke with our naked eye that seems to be white.
Gasket Head Issues
Whenever the engine got damaged with the gasket, it can also cause harm to the running motor, and this is one of the costliest repairs. Here leakage happens because the head gasket blows. Sometimes it is visible from the outside too, but small leakage needs to be manually checked.
Most of the time these type of issues goes overlooked. But it can cause the engine to overheat. If it goes unnoticed, it can cause serious engine damage.
So white fumes occur through this type of leakages too. To avoid this, you need to be careful with the exhaust pipe of your engine.
External Leakage in The Coolant
Overheating in the engine happens when coolant is not providing enough cooling. There can be a chance of this when coolant got leaked. And when this outflow gets in contact with the heated parts of the engine, coolant got evaporates resulting in the white smoke. Here are different causes a truck to leak antifreez.
If the smoke is pouring from the engine and not from the exhaust, that means there is something wrong with the temperature level of the engine. Mostly this situation happens in summer, and you immediately need to turn off the engine and provide some external coolant to calm down its metal. You can also pour water on it until it assures those inside sealings are fully covered.
Different Types of White Smoke
Depending upon the temperature, leakage, and environmental condition, we can divide the coming smoke into three categories:
1. White smoke (Normal)
Sometimes because of the compression of water in the silencer leads towards these vapors. These are simple vapors that turn to be white because of getting in touch with the hot parts.
2. Smelly White smoke
A smelly white smoke with a little thick density comes out from the exhaust when the fuel gets in touch with the oxygen mixture.
3. White smoke (vaporous)
It happens mostly in winter. While heating your engine on a cold day, the exit way of the smoke seems to be a little intense. But you don’t have to worry about this kind of smoke as this is happening only because of temperature change.